Paul urged the members of the church in Corinth to examine themselves. Were they truly saved? Would they die under God's judgement or would they submit to chastisement and be restored?
Paul had come to Corinth twice. If he came a third time and found no repentance, he would not spare the guilty.
The church in Corinth had chosen to listen to the world instead of listening to Christ. What would it take to change her mind?
Of all the churches Paul planted, the church in Corinth had a special place in his heart. But it was also the church which caused him the greatest sorrow.
Paul's critics talked as if they could read his mind and judge his motives. Paul had no desire to defend himself, but he knew he must stand up for the truth.